Perennial evergreen stemless plant Sansevieria (Sansevieria), or Sanseviera, belongs to the Asparagus family (in terms of catalogues – to the Agave family). This genus unites about 60 species, which in natural conditions can be found in dry and stony areas of subtropical and tropical zones of Madagascar, Indonesia, Africa, South Florida and India. This plant, grown at home, is characterized by its unpretentiousness and therefore is very popular. People also call it “snake skin”, or “pike tail”, or “mother-in-law tongue”. Sanseviera is appreciated for the fact that it is almost impossible to destroy, even if you do not approach her for half a month, it will not dry out, and still will please you with its bright leaves. Flower is also popular with designers, who not only decorate their interiors, but also used to create flower compositions.
Blossoming. Grows as an ornamental deciduous plant.
Illumination. Grows well in a slightly shaded area or in bright but diffuse light.
Temperature regime. Flower grows well at normal room temperature, but should not be colder than 16 degrees in winter.
Watering. Moisturise the substrate systematically and moderately. During the cold season, watering should be less frequent than in summer.
The humidity of the air. Normally grows at the same level of humidity that is typical for living rooms.
Fertilizer. Feed the flower only during active growth once every 30 days, for this use fertilizer for ornamental deciduous plants or for cacti.
The rest period. It is not pronounced brightly.
Transplant. Only transplant the plant when it is necessary, when its root system becomes tight in the pot.
Reproduction. With leaf cuttings and division of the rhizome.
Pest insects. Powderworms, thrips and spider mites.
Diseases. Root rot and anthracnose.
Each plant has its own characteristics as well as advantages and disadvantages. Before you decide to decorate your home with this or that flower, try to learn more about how to care for it and what it needs for normal development and growth. And then think about whether you can grow it or not.
The tinny tail is different from many other indoor plants in that it is not demanding in care and has a spectacular appearance. Peculiarities of growing:
Feed the sansseviery very rarely, only once a year. However, if it is fed more frequently, the flower will react positively.
It feels best on a window sill as it needs plenty of natural light. At the same time, it can be both cool and warm on the window sill.
The midday scorching rays of the sun can leave burns on the foliage, so windows with direct sunlight are ideally suited for growing quicksilver’s tail only in the evening.
Stopping the flower may cause regular water stagnation in the root system.
For the plant it does not matter what temperature and humidity is in the room. But you should not allow the room to be cooler than 16 degrees during the cold season, as this will have a negative impact on the appearance of the bush. Also, to preserve its decorative effect, do not forget to systematically wipe the leaves with a moist sponge, which will remove dust from it.
For the sanseviera to grow and develop normally, it must be properly watered. To understand when you need to water the flower, you can buy a humidity indicator in a specialized shop. Distilled or rainwater is best for watering the flower, but you can also use well-done tap water. It should always be at room temperature. In winter, the frequency of watering depends on the room temperature: the colder the room, the less often you need to moisten the substrate in the pot.
The pike-tail is transplanted if necessary when the root system completely fills the flower pot. On average, young bushes are given this procedure once every 2 years and adults once every 3 years. It is easy to transplant sansseviery, but don’t forget to prepare the right mixture for this. It is not recommended to use ordinary garden soil for this purpose, a ready-made mix is best for transplanting, which can be found in a specialist shop. Its approximate composition should be: sod and leaf soil as well as sand (2:1:1). Fine gravel and perlite can also be contained in the purchased ready-mixed soil.
Replanting is only carried out when the roots appear from the drainage holes. This means that the root system is very tight in the pot. A suitable flower pot should have thick walls, better if it is clay. The fact is that a powerful root system can break through thin walls and long, heavy leaves can turn a lightweight pot over. Also, the capacity suitable for the transplant should not be very high, but rather wide. Don’t forget to make sure you have a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.
Feed the pike tail only in spring and summer once every 30 days. Liquid mineral fertilizer for cacti or ornamental deciduous crops is well suited for this purpose. Do not apply too much nitrogen to the substrate, as this can harm the flower. Specialists recommend using a nutrient mixture that is twice as low as the concentration recommended by the manufacturer (see instructions). If you are growing a species on leaves that has a figure, then the fertiliser concentration should be three times lower than the one recommended by the manufacturer. If you feed it with a more saturated solution, the leaves may become monotonous because of this.
Sanseviera can be multiplied by lateral shoots, rhizome division and leaf cuttings. Fission of rhizomes is recommended in spring when transplanting sprawling shrubs. To do this, remove the bush from the pot and divide its rhizome into several parts with a very sharp tool, with at least one growth point on each of the cuttings. The cuttings are planted in individual pots and then placed in a place where it is always warm and provided with regular, moderate watering. In this way, species with both motley and green leaves can be multiplied.
Cut the old sheet metal plate and divide it into parts between 40 and 50 mm long. Once they are slightly tied up in the open air, they should be planted at an angle of 45 degrees in a container filled with sand. The stalk is covered with a hood, which may be a cut-off bottle or a glass jar, and provides a systematic, moderate watering through a pallet. After 30-40 days cuttings should give roots, and by this time it will grow young leaves of new buds. After that, the cuttings should be transplanted into a permanent pot filled with soil mixture for an adult plant. In this way, only species with green leaves can reproduce. Even if you try to take a stalk from a bush with striped leaves, the resulting baby is green.